Armenian–Austrian mathematician Emil Artin
The Roman family name Aemilius, derived from the Latin word aemulus (rival), has given rise to a number of both feminine and masculine names commonly used in the Indo–European and Finno–Ugric languages. While researching this post, I discovered far more forms of these names than I’d expected to.
1. Emily is English. It only came into widespread use after Germany’s House of Hanover rose to the British throne in the 18th century. Princess Amelia Sophia was usually called Emily in English, though Amelia is etymologically unrelated. The name was in the Top 100 in the U.S. from 1880–99, ducked back in from 1901–02 and 1913–16, and then began sinking in popularity.
During the Sixties, it began jumping up the charts, and landed at #1 in 1996. It was dethroned by Emma in 2008, though it’s still in the Top 10. It’s #1 in Ireland and Northern Ireland; #2 in Scotland; #3 in Canada and England and Wales; and #7 in Australia and New Zealand. The name has also become popular in countries where it’s not a traditional name in the national language, such as Chile, The Netherlands, Italy, and the Czech Republic.
U.S. poet Emily Dickinson
2. Emilia is Italian, Spanish, Scandinavian, German, Dutch, Finnish, Romanian, Polish, and English. It’s #102 in the U.S., and rising fast as the next replacement for Emily and Emma. The alternate form Emília is Hungarian, Slovak, and Portuguese. Emilía is Icelandic.
3. Emilie is German and Scandinavian. This was the name of Oskar Schindler’s wife. The alternate form Émilie is French, and Emílie is Czech.
4. Emilija is Slovenian, Macedonian, Lithuanian, Serbian, and Croatian. The alternate form Emīlija is Latvian.
5. Emiliya is Russian and Bulgarian.
6. Emiliana is Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese. The alternate form Emilíana is Icelandic.
7. Émilienne is French.
8. Eimíle is Irish.
9. Aimel is Manx.
10. Emere is Maori.
11. Emilinia is Filipino.
12. Emilene is Basque.
13. Emilijana is Serbian and Croatian.
14. Emille is a rare Basque form.
15. Imîlia is Greenlandic.
16. Aimilia is Greek.
Polish soldier and national shero Emilia Gierczak, 25 February 1925–17 March 1945
1. Emil is German, Scandinavian, Polish, Russian, Slovenian, Romanian, Czech, Bulgarian, Slovak, Hungarian, Serbian, Macedonian, Icelandic, English, Arabic, Azeri, and Croatian. The name is #5 in Norway, and #4 in Denmark.
2. Émile is French.
3. Emīls is Latvian.
4. Emilis is Lithuanian.
5. Emilio is Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese.
6. Emiel is Dutch.
7. Emilios is Greek.
8. Aimilios is also Greek.
9. Eemil is Finnish.
10. Eemili is also Finnish.
11. Emilli is Basque.
12. Emili is Catalan.
13. Émilien is French.
14. Emiliano is Italian and Spanish.
15. Emilian is Romanian.
French writer Émile Zola
16. Yemelyan is Russian.
17. Omelyan is Ukrainian.
18. Emilijus is Lithuanian.
19. Emilius is the official Dutch form.
20. Emiliy is Russian.
21. Emeliane is Georgian.
22. Emilianus is another official Dutch form.
23. Emilijan is Serbian and Croatian.
24. Emiliyan is Bulgarian.
25. Emiljano is Albanian.