Dissident Russian writer Lidiya Korneyevna Chukovskaya, 1907–1996
The English, German, and Greek name Lydia means, simply, “from Lydia” in Greek. Lydia was a region on Asia Minor’s west coast, reputedly named after legendary King Lydos (of unknown etymology). Today, Lydia is in western Turkey.
The name briefly appears in the Bible, on a woman whom St. Paul converts to Christianity. It didn’t become common in the Anglophone world till the Protestant Reformation.
Lydia was #77 when the U.S. began keeping name records in 1880, and stayed in the lower Top 100 till 1899. Over the ensuing decades, it gradually dipped in popularity, but never sank lower than #329 in 1973. From lows came highs, and in 1979 it rose to #296 from #324. In each succeeding year, Lydia was steadily more popular, till it re-entered the Top 100 in 2011. In 2018, it was #89.
Other forms of Lydia include:
1. Lidia is Spanish, Italian, Polish, Romanian, Georgian, Irish, and Indonesian. The alternate form Lídia is Catalan, Portuguese, and Hungarian.
2. Lidiya is Russian and Bulgarian.
3. Lidija is Serbian, Macedonian, Slovenian, and Croatian.
4. Lidziya is Belarusian.
5. Lýdia is Slovak and Faroese.
6. Lydie is Czech, with variant Lýdie. The last two letters are pronounced separately, not as one.
7. Lyydia is Finnish, with nickname Lyyti.
8. Lide is Basque.
9. Liidia is Estonian.
10. Litia is Fijian.
British suffragist Lydia Ernestine Becker (1827–1890), painted by fellow suffragist Susan Isabel Dacre
11. Livli is Sami.
12. Lutia is Greenlandic.
13. Lutsîa is also Greenlandic.
14. Lýdía is Icelandic. They also render the name as Lydía.
15. Lukia is sometimes used as a vernacular Hawaiian form. This is also their form of Lucia and a nickname for Lu’ukia (of unknown etymology).
16. Lyydi is Finnish.
17. Lydija is Sorbian and Lithuanian.
18. Lydiana is a rare Swedish, English, and Latin American–Spanish form.
19. Lydiane is a rare French and Brazilian–Portuguese form.
20. Lìddia is Emilian–Romagnol, a Gallo–Italic language spoken in Northern Italy.
Italian silent actor Lidia Quaranta, 1891–1928
21. Lidiane is a rare Brazilian–Portuguese form.
22. Lydianna is a rare English and Mexican–Spanish form.
23. Lydianne is a rare Québecois, Dutch, Brazilian–Portuguese, and English form.
24. Lydielle is a rare English form.
1. Lidio is Spanish and Brazilian–Portuguese.
2. Lydian is Scandinavian.
3. Lidiyan is a rare Russian and Bulgarian form.