Polish–Russian prima ballerina Matilda Kschessinskaya (née Matylda Krzesińska), 1872–1971
Matilda, a name used in English, Romanian, the Scandinavian languages, Finnish, Estonian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Spanish, Czech, Slovak, Slovenian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Basque, and Croatian, traces its etymology back to Ancient Germanic. Its genesis, Mahthildis, derives from roots maht (strength, might) and hild (battle).
During the Middle Ages, Matilda was a quite popular name among European royalty, particularly in England. It arrived there via the Normans, one of whom was William the Conqueror’s wife.
Matilda remained popular till the 15th century, often in the form Maud. In the 19th century, both Maud and Matilda returned to widespread usage.
The variation Matildá is Sami.
Queen Matilda of England, née Princess of Boulogne (ca. 1105–1152)
Other forms of the name include:
1. Matilde is Spanish, Galician, Catalan, Scandinavian, Latvian, German, Dutch, Latvian, Estonian, Portuguese, and Italian.
2. Mathilde is German, Dutch, French, and Scandinavian. The E is silent in the French form.
3. Mechtilde is German.
4. Mechthild is also German.
5. Mathilda is German, Dutch, and Scandinavian.
6. Matylda is Polish and Ukrainian.
7. Matsilda is Belarusian.
8. Mafalda is Italian, Galician, Catalan, and Portuguese. I’m not fond of names where an F replaces a T or TH!
9. Matild is Hungarian.
10. Mallt is Welsh.
Italian opera singer Mafalda Salvatini, 1886–1971
11. Métilde is Acadian–French.
12. Matelda is Medieval Italian.
13. Maitilde is archaic Irish.
14. Mathide is Norman.
15. Mathild is Medieval Flemish and English.
16. Matthildur is Icelandic.
17. Mathila is Medieval English.
18. Emetilda is Creole.