American inventor Thomas Alva Edison, 1847–1931
Thomas, a name used in English, German, Dutch, French, Greek, and the Scandinavian languages, comes from the Aramaic name Ta’oma (twin). This name has long been a mainstay of the Christian world (in a variety of languages) due to Thomas the Apostle, who famously doubted the veracity of Jesus’s resurrection till he saw and felt the wounds himself. According to tradition, he was martyred in India.
Thomas was introduced to the Anglophone world by the occupying Normans, and became quite popular thanks to the martyred St. Thomas à Becket, a 12th century archbishop of Canterbury. From the 13th to 19th centuries, it was among the five most common male English names, and is still fairly popular today.
Portuguese-born Brazilian poet Tomás Antônio Gonzaga, 1744–1810
The name was #8 in the U.S. in 1880, when records were first kept, and ranged from #8 to #12 till 1968. In 1969, it was #13, and then began gradually descending in popularity. Thomas remained in the Top 50 till 2005, and has never ranked below #63 (in 2011 and 2012). In 2018, it was #49.
Thomas also enjoys popularity in Northern Ireland (#9), Ireland (#12), England and Wales (#12), Scotland (#14), New Zealand (#14), The Netherlands (#14), Italy (#34), Belgium (#38), Austria (#53), France (#58), Switzerland (#76), and Norway (#90).
Polish Prime Minister Tomasz Arciszewski, 1877–1955
Other forms of Thomas include:
1. Tomos is Welsh. Nicknames include Tomi and Twm (pronounced kind of like “tomb”).
2. Tàmhas is Scottish. Anglicisations include Tavish and Tòmas.
3. Toma is Romanian, Georgian, Macedonian, Serbian, Bulgarian, and Croatian.
4. Tuomas, or Tuomo, is Finnish, with nicknames including Tomi and Tommi.
5. Tomass, or Toms, is Latvian.
6. Tomasso is Italian.
7. Tamati is Maori.
8. Toomas is Estonian.
9. Tomaz is Breton. The alternate form Tomaž is Slovenian.
10. Tomé is Portuguese.
Tomasso I, Marquess of Sanluzzo (1239–96)
11. Tomasz is Polish.
12. Tomas is Lithuanian, Norwegian, and Swedish; Tomás is Spanish, Irish, and Portuguese; Tomaš is Sorbian, Serbian, and Croatian; Tomáš is Czech and Slovak; Tomàs is Catalan; and Tómas is Icelandic.
13. Tamás is Hungarian.
14. Thomaase is Manx.
15. Thonmas is Jèrriais.
16. Toman is Vlach.
17. Tammes is a rare Danish form.
18. Tomasi is Tongan, Fijian, and Melanesian.
19. Tomasy is Malagasy.
20. Tomisav is Vlach.
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, first President of Czechoslovakia (1850–1937)
21. Tomašis is Romani.
22. Tommes is Limburgish.
23. Tomôsz is Kashubian.
24. Tömu is Swiss–German.
25. Tovmas is Armenian.
26. Tuma is Arabic. The alternate form Tüma is Vilamovian.
27. Tumasch is Romansh.
28. Tummas is Faroese.
29. Tûmarse is Greenlandic.
30. Foma is Russian.
Romanian hospital director, bacteriologist, educator, and humanitarian Dr. Toma Ciorbă (1864–1936)
31. Lillac is Caló–Romani.
32. Duommá is Sami. Other Sami forms of Thomas are Dommá and Duomis.
1. Thomasina is English.
2. Tomine is Norwegian.
3. Tamsin, or Tamsyn, is Cornish.
4. Thomaḯs is Greek.
5. Thomaḯda is also Greek.
6. Thomai is another Greek form.
7. Tuomasiina is a rare Finnish form.
8. Tommasina is Italian.
9. Tomazja is Polish.
10. Tomásia is Portuguese.
Portuguese noblewoman Leonor Tomásia de Távora, 3rd Marquise of Távora (1700–59)
11. Thomine is French and Danish.
12. Tomasina is a rare English form.
13. Thomassine is a rare French form.
14. Thomassin is French–Cajun.
15. Thomasine is a rare Swedish and English form, and archaic French and Danish form.
16. Thomasin is English.
17. Thomasse is archaic French and English.
18. Tomasine is archaic Norwegian, last recorded in the 1940s.