The Fs of Persian names

Male names:

Faramarz means “one who forgives.”

Faraz means “height, ascent, elevation.”

Farid means “precious, unique,” from Arabic root farada (to be unique).

Farjad may mean “earned, gained,” “wise,” or “endowed with knowledge.”

Farrokh means “happy, auspicious.”

Farshad is formed from the words farr (splendour, lustre, brilliance) and shad (happy, glad, cheerful).

Farzad means “splendid birth.”

Farzan means “wise, intelligent, reasonable.”

Fazel is the Persian form of the Arabic name Fadl, which means “grace, generosity.”

Fereydoun/Fereydoon/Fereydun is the modern form of the Old Iranian name *Thraitauna (the third). This is a king who rules for over 500 years in Iran’s great national epic The Shahnameh. The earlier Avestan form, Thraetaona, appears in older texts of the Zoroastrian holy book The Avesta.

Firouz means “victorious.”

Female names:

Faranak may be a form of Parvaneh, which means “little butterfly,” or it may derive from the Middle Persian word parwanag (leader, guide).

Farangis is a character in Iran’s great national epic The Shahnameh. She’s the second wife of Prince Siyavash (one of the main characters) and the mother of Kay Khosrow (who later becomes Shah).

Fariba means “enticing, charming.”

Farideh means “unique, precious,” from the Arabic name Farida.

Fariyane means “belovèd, friend.”

Farkhondeh means “lucky, blessed, fortunate.” The Dari Persian form is Farkhunda.

Farnaz is formed from the words farr (splendour, lustre, brilliance) and naz (comfort, luxury).

Farnazeh/Farzana/Farzane means “intelligent, wise.”

Fatemah is the Persian form of the Arabic name Fatimah, which means “to abstain.”

Fereshteh means “angel.”

Firouza/Firuza/Firouzeh/Firoozeh/Firuzeh means “turquoise.” This can also be a feminine form of Firouz.

Forough means “brightness.”

Unisex names:

Farahnaz is formed from the Arabic word farah (happiness, gladness, joy) and the Persian word naz (comfort, delight).

Farshid is formed from the words farr (splendour, lustre, brilliance) and shid (shine, light).


All about Arthurian names, Part I (Male names, A-F)

King Arthur and his Knights of the Round Table, painted by Évrard d’Espinques ca. 1475

When I did a series on names invented for literature a few years ago, I deliberately left out name from Arthurian legends and stories because I wanted to do a separate series about them. Some of these names existed prior to their use in Arthurian stories, while others were created just for the stories.

FYI: These names come exclusively from classic Arthurian works, not modern films, TV shows, and games.

Accolon, sometimes spelt Accalon, is of unknown origin. He’s a Gaulish knight and a lover of Morgan le Fay.

Aeddan is the Welsh form of the Irish name Aodhán, which is a diminutive of aedh and means “little fire.” He’s an enemy of King Arthur.

Aelens is the King of Iceland and father of King Arthur’s follower Escol.

Agravain is a nephew of King Arthur.

Agrestes derives from the Latin word agrestis (rural, wild, rustic, brutish), which in turn comes from ager (farm, field). He’s an ancient King of Camelot.

Amaethon derives from the Brittonic name *Ambaχtonos (ploughman-god, Divine ploughman). He’s the Welsh god of agriculture and an Arthurian warrior in the late 11th century legend of Culhwch and Olwen.

Amr, or Amhar, is King Arthur’s son in the 9th century chronicle Historia Brittonum.

Andret is the nephew of King Mark of Cornwall and an enemy cousin of Tristan.

Anfortas probably comes from the Old French word enfertez or enfermetez (infirmity). This is the name of the wounded Fisher King in the 12th century Arthurian epic Parzifal.

Anguish is the King of Ireland and Iseult’s father.

Arthur may derive from the Celtic roots *artos (bear), and *wiros (man) or *rīxs (king). It may also come from the Roman family name Artorius. The jury is still out on whether King Arthur were a real person, based on a semi-legendary figure, or entirely fictional.

Bagdemagus is the King of Gorre and a Knight of the Round Table. Some scholars believe Bagungus, the name of a character who only appears in Laghamon’s 1190 epic poem Brut, is a corruption of Bagdemagus on account of its rarity.

Balin is one of King Arthur’s knights.

Bedivere comes from the Welsh name Bedwyr, which may derive from roots bedwen (birch) and gwr (man). He’s one of King Arthur’s original friends, and throws the sword Excalibur into a lake to fulfill King Arthur’s dying wishes.

Bellangere derives from the Ancient Germanic name Berengar, which in turn comes from roots bern (bear) and ger (spear). It may also have been inspired by French roots bel, beau (beautiful, great, fine) and anger (anger), and thus means “righteous anger.” He’s a Knight of the Round Table.

Bors comes from the French name Bohort and possibly the Old French root behort or bohort (“jousting lance” or “jousting”). He’s a Knight of the Round Table.

Brunor probably derives from the Ancient Germanic root brunna (armour, protection) or brun (brown). Several Arthurian characters bear this name, including Sir Galehaut’s father.

Cador is probably a Cornish form of the Welsh name Caderyn, which means “battle king” and derives from Old Welsh roots cat (battle) and tigirn (monarch, king). He’s Lady Guinevere’s guardian, King of Cornwall, and the father of King Arthur’s successor Constantine.

Calogrenant, sometimes spelt Colgrevance, is a Knight of the Round Table.

Caradog, or Caradoc, comes from Old Welsh name Caratauc and ultimately the Brythonic name *Caratācos, which derives from Old Celtic root *karu (to love) and means “loved.” He’s a Knight of the Round Table.

Claudas is an opponent of King Arthur.

Culhwch means “hiding place of the pig” in Welsh. He’s a cousin of King Arthur.

Dagonet possibly derives from the Old English word dæg (day). He’s a Knight of the Round Table, usually described as foolish and witless. Eventually he evolved into King Arthur’s belovèd court jester.

Dinadan may derive from Dinn Eidyn (Castle of Edin), the old name for the Scottish city of Edinburgh. He’s a Knight of the Round Table and a good friend of Tristan.

The Knights Of The Round Table Summoned To The Quest By A Strange Damsel (The Summons), by Edward Burne-Jones

Ector is King Arthur’s foster father and Sir Kay’s foster father.

Edern derives from Old Welsh root edyrn (heavy, immense; wonderful, prodigious, marvellous). Previously, it was wrongly believed to come from the Latin word aeternus (eternal). Edern is a Knight of the Round Table and one of King Arthur’s most important counsellors during a battle between Saxons and Danes.

Elyan probably ultimately derives from the Roman family name Aelius, which in turn may come from the Greek word helios (sun). He’s a Knight of the Round Table and the son of Sir Bors. In some stories, he’s also a cousin of Sir Lancelot.

Escanor may derive from the Old Irish name Escae, which in turn comes from Proto–Celtic Eskyom and ultimately Proto–Indo–European H,eysk, which means “to shine, to glitter” and is usually associated with the Moon. King Escanor the Large is an antagonist killed by King Arthur’s nephew Sir Gawaine.

Escol is a follower of King Arthur.

Evelake derives from Evalach, which is probably corrupted from the Middle Welsh name Afallach and the word afall (apple). It may also be a form of the Celtic name Abellio, which some scholars believe ultimately comes from Apollo and thus may be related to the Indo–European root *apelo- (strength). King Evelake of Sarras is the first person to possess the shield destined for Sir Galahad.

Feirefiz is the halfbrother of the title character in the abovementioned epic Parzifal.

A name for a peaceful ruler

King Frederick the Great (Friedrich II) of Prussia, 1712–1786

I’ve long adored the name Frederick in many of its international forms. It derives from a Germanic name meaning “peaceful ruler,” from the elements fridu (peace) and rih (ruler; power; king). Though it’s historically been very common in German-speaking areas, it took a long time to catch on in the Anglophone world.

The invading Normans brought this name to England in 1066, but it soon dropped from popularity. In the 18th century, it returned by way of the German-born House of Hanover inheriting the British throne.

American abolitionist, social reformer, writer, and orator Frederick Douglass (né Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey), 1817 or 1818–1895

Frederick was #33 in the U.S. in 1880 (its highest rank to date), and remained on the Top 100 till 1957. In 2021, it was #476. The name is much more popular in England and Wales, where it was #61 in 2021, and has been on the Top 100 since 2009. It was also Top 100 in 2005 and 2006.

Other forms of the name include:

1. Friedrich is German. Nicknames are Fritz, Fred, and Fiete.

2. Frederik is Dutch, Danish, and Afrikaans. Dutch nicknames are Frits, Freek (rhymes with rake and brake), Freddy, Fred, and Rik.

3. Fredrik is Swedish, Norwegian, and Finnish.

4. Frédéric is French. Without accent marks, Frederic is Catalan.

5. Fryderyk is Polish.

6. Frederico is Portuguese.

7. Federico is Spanish and Italian.

8. Federigo is old Italian.

9. Frīdrihs is Latvian.

10. Fricis is also Latvian.

Polish composer Frédéric François (né Fryderyk Franciszek) Chopin, 1810–1849

11. Friderik is Slovenian.

12. Friðrik is Icelandic.

13. Frigyes is Hungarian. It’s kind of pronounced like FREED-yesh. The Hungarian letter GY is like the soft, barely perceptible DY in due, during, and endure.

14. Fridrik is Croatian.

15. Fridrikh is Russian.

16. Federicu is Corsican and Sardinian.

17. Federich is Piedmontese.

18. Fidericu is Sardinian.

19. Frederig is Breton.

20. Frydrykh is Belarusian.

Latvian Riflemen commander and colonel Frīdrihs Briedis, 1888–1918

21. Frydrichas is Lithuanian.

22. Fridrih is Serbian.

23. Frédéris is Norman.

24. Frederikas is Lithuanian.

25. Freadaraig is Scottish.

26. Federiku is Maltese.

27. Fríðrikur is Faroese.

28. Freiderikos is Greek.

29. Feardorcha is Irish.

30. Ffredrig is Welsh.

Italian Cardinal and Archbishop Federico Borromeo, 1564–1631

31. Fadri is Romansh.

32. Fretterat, or Fretterret, is Sami.

33. Priidik is Estonian. Nicknames include Priit and Priidu.

34. Peleke is Hawaiian.

35. Bedřich is Czech.

36. Rietrikki is a rare, archaic Finnish form.

Princess Frederica Charlotte of Prussia, later Duchess of York and Albany (1767–1820)

Female forms include:

1. Fredericka is English.

2. Frederica is Portuguese, Gascon, Provençal, Languedocian, Galician, and English.

3. Federica is Italian and Corsican.

4. Fredrika is Finnish and Swedish.

5. Fryderyka is Polish.

6. Frederikke is Danish.

7. Frédérique is French.

8. Friðrika is Icelandic.

9. Friederike is German. Nicknames include Fritzi, Rike, Friede, and Frieda.

10. Frédérika is French.

Finnish historical novelist and journalist Fredrika Runeberg, 1807–1879

11. Fridrika is Hungarian. Nicknames include Fridi and Frici.

12. Frederiek is Dutch, reflecting the French pronunciation of Frédérique.

13. Fredericke is German.

14. Frédérica is a rare Corsican form.

15. Freiderike is Greek.

16. Frideriki is also Greek.

17. Federika is a rare Hungarian form.

18. Bedřiška is Czech.

19. Perderike is Basque.

The Gs of Ukrainian names

FYI: Though Ukrainian Cyrillic does have a letter G, it’s extremely uncommon, and only appears in about forty words. Of those words, most are rare, from various local dialects, or foreign loanwords. Likewise, names using a G are also non-Ukrainian in origin, or were bestowed upon people from 1933–91, when Ukrainian orthography was “simplified” (i.e., Russified). There also might be some regional dialects where G appears.

The Cyrillic letter Г is pronounced as H in Ukrainian and Belarusian, with great energy. The uniquely Ukrainian letter Ґ represents G. Czech and Slovak also use an H instead of a G in many words and names. This linguistic change in those Slavic languages probably happened during the 12th or 13th century. Originally, all Slavic languages used a G in those names and words.

Female names:

Ganna is a form of Hannah, from the Hebrew name Chana (grace, favour).

Male names:

Gavrylo is a form of Gabriel, ultimately from Hebrew name Gavriel (God is my strong man).

Gryts is a diminutive of Grigoriy (the usual Ukrainian form of which is Hryhoriy).

The Fs of Ukrainian names

Male names:

Fedir is the Ukrainian form of Theodore (gift of God). One of the nicknames is Fesko.

Ferekrat is the Ukrainian and Serbian form of the Greek name Pherekrates (to bring power).

Filon is the Slavic form of the Greek name Philon (friend, lover).

Female names:

Fevrosiya is a rare, archaic form of Fevroniya (also a rare name in Ukrainian and Russian), ultimately from Roman name Febronia and the Latin word februum (purging, purification). This name possibly was inspired by the Roman purification festival of Februa, held during February.

Filomela is the Slavic form of the Greek name Philomela, which derives from roots philos (lover, friend) and melon (fruit) or melos (song). Because Philomela was turned into a nightingale in Greek mythology, several languages came to adopt philomel as a poetic word for a nightingale.

The nightingale is Ukraine’s national bird. Once upon a time, when nightingales only lived in India, one of them visited Ukraine and heard the people singing sad songs. To cheer them up, the bird began singing its beautiful song. The people responded with happy songs. Ever since then, nightingales visit every spring to hear the people’s Ukrainian songs. National writer Taras Shevchenko said, “even the memory of the nightingale’s song makes man happy.”