The Os of Ukrainian names

Female names:

Odarka is the Ukrainian and Belarusian form of Darya, a feminine form of Darius. It ultimately derives from Persian name Dārayavahush (possessing goodness).

Oksana is the Ukrainian form of Xenia (hospitality). An alternative form is Oksaniya.

Oleksandra is the Ukrainian form of Alexandra (helper/defender of man). One of the nicknames is Olesya.

Olena is the Ukrainian form of Helen, which comes from Greek name Helene and probably means “torch” or “corposant.” Other sources believe it’s related to selene (moon).

Olha is the Ukrainian form of Olga, which derives from Old Norse name Helga (blessed, holy).

Oryna is an alternate form of Iryna, which comes from Greek name Eirene (peace). One of the nicknames is Orysya.

Male names:

Okhrim is a folk form of Ephraim, which comes from Hebrew name Efrayim (fruitful).

Olefir comes from Greek name Eleutherios (free).

Oleh is the Ukrainian form of the Russian name Oleg, which derives from Old Norse name Helgi (blessed, holy).

Oleksandr is the Ukrainian form of Alexander (helper/defender of man).

Oleksiy is the Ukrainian form of Alexis (defender/helper).

Olherd comes from Lithuanian name Algirdas, which possibly derives from Baltic roots al (each) and girdas (news, rumour).

Omelyan is the Ukrainian form of Emilian, which ultimately derives from Roman family name Aemilius (rival).

Ostap comes from Greek name Eustathius (well-built, stable).


The Os of Medieval Tuscan and Italian names

Male names:

Odart (I) derives from Old High German root ot and Old Saxon od (riches, wealth), and Old High German hart and Old Saxon hard (strong, hard). This name is also Medieval French, Medieval Scottish, and archaic Estonian.

Odelschalk (I) derives from Old High German root uodal (homestead, heritage) and Old Saxon skalk and Old High German scalh, scalc (servant). This name is also Medieval German.

Oderisi (I) derives from Latin name Oderisius, which is of uncertain etymology.

Odrich (I) derives from Old High German root ot and Old Saxon od (riches, wealth), and Old High German rih (ruler). This name is also Medieval French.

Offredo, Offrido (I) is a form of the Ancient Germanic name Autfrid, derived from Germanic root auda (property, wealth) and Old High German fridu (peace), or Ancient Germanic name Hohfrid, derived from Old High German roots hoh (high) and fridu. It may also have been a nickname for names ending in -offredo; e.g., Loffredo, Goffredo, Roffredo.

Omobono (I) means “good man.”

Female names:

Obedienta (I) means “obedient.”

Odierna (I) is a form of Odierne, which is turn is an Old French form of an Ancient Germanic name possibly derived from roots od (riches, fortune, wealth) and gern (desiring, eager; gairns in Gothic). The Medieval French form, Hodierna, was possibly chosen because of the Latin word hodierna (existing now, present, of today).

Onesta (I) comes from the adjective onesta (sincere, honest) or the noun onestà (honesty).

Oradina (I)

Orelia (T) is a form of Aurelia (golden, gilded).

Ostilia (I)

Mirror names

Since mirrors are often used in horror movies, here’s a list of names whose meanings relate to the word “mirror.”

Aaina (F) is Urdu and Hindi.

Aina (F) is Kazakh, from Persian ayneh.

Ainash (F) is Kazakh.

Amira (F) can mean “love mirror” in Japanese. This is a completely different name from the Arabic Amira, which means “princess.”

Aýna (F) is Turkmeni.

Aynagözel (F) means “beautiful mirror” in Turkmeni.

Gulyona (F) means “rose mirror, flower mirror” in Uzbek.

Gyuzgyush (F) is Lezgian, a Northeast Caucasian language primarily spoken in Dagestan and northern Azerbaijan.

Kyouhei (M) can mean “peace mirror,” “36 square foot mirror,” “mirror army,” “mirror soldier,” “mirror design,” and “mirror pattern” in Japanese.

Oyna (F) is Uzbek.

Oynaband (F) means “decorated with mirrors” in Uzbek.

Oynagul (F) means “flower mirror, rose mirror” in Uzbek.

Oynajamol (F) means “mirror beauty” in Uzbek.

Oynaxol (F) means “mirror beauty mark” in Uzbek. X is pronounced like the guttural CH in loch and Chanukah.

Tezcatlipoca (M) means “smoking mirror” in Nahuatl. This was the name of a major Aztec god, who ruled winds, the night sky, the north, and war. He was also one of the creator gods.

Ugluspegill (M) means “owl mirror” in Icelandic. This is a rare, modern name.

Yayauhqui (U) means “black smoking mirror” in Nahuatl.

The Os of Estonian names


Õie means “flower.” In Estonian, Õ is its own separate letter, not just an O with a tilde.

Oktjabrina is borrowed from the Russian name Oktyabrina, which was most popular in the early decades of the the USSR. It means “October.”

Oksana is borrowed from Ukrainian. It’s a form of Xenia (hospitality). In 2019, it was Estonia’s 74th most popular female name.

Olesja is borrowed from the Ukrainian name Olesya, which is a diminutive of Oleksandra (defending humanity). This name is fairly popular in Estonia.

Õnne means “happiness; luck.” The longer form is Õnnela. The male Finnish form is Onni.

Õnneleid means “good luck.”


Odart is an archaic name borrowed from Old High German and Old Saxon, meaning “strong riches/wealth.”

Oleg is adopted from Russian, and ultimately derives from Old Norse name Helgi (blessed; holy). In 2018, this was Estonia’s 15th most popular male name.

Õnnepäev means “day of luck.”

Oskar is borrowed from German and the Scandinavian languages. It may mean “deer friend” or “God’s spear.”

Osvald is borrowed from the Scandinavian languages, and means “God’s power.”

Ott may be an Estonian form of Otto (fortune; wealth), or taken from an Old Estonian word meaning “bear.”

Happy Halloween!—Orange names

Happy Halloween! Here’s a list of names whose meanings relate to the word “orange” (the colour). In some languages, the word for the fruit and colour are identical, while in others they’re different. As always, some of these names might sound much better on pets, stuffed animals, dolls, or fictional characters. I obviously wouldn’t recommend using some of these word names on real people in countries where that language is spoken.

Alani is Hawaiian, and refers to the colour, fruit, and flower.

Arancia is Italian.

Aranciu is Corsican.

Kamala is Bengali.

Karaka is Maori.

Kesari is Marathi.

Lalanje is Nyanja, a Bantu language primarily spoken in Zimbabwe and Malawi.

Laranja is Basque and Portuguese.

Laranxa is Galician.

Namunu is Southern Sotho.

Naranja is Spanish.

Narıncı is Azeri.

Narinja is Telugu.

Oren is Malaysian and Welsh. This has a completely different etymology from the Hebrew name meaning “pine tree.”

Orenji is Japanese. I’m 99% sure this is a very modern, unusual name inspired by the English word, not a historic, native Japanese name.

Porteqalî is Kurdish.

Portokalea, or Portokali, is Greek.

Portokhali is Georgian.

Santara is Hindi.

Satara is Punjabi.

Sienna is a modern English name meaning “orange-red,” derived from the Italian city Siena. The city’s clay is sienna in colour.

Suntala is Nepali.

Taronja is Catalan.