Though I’ve had prior posts about my favourite forms of the name Elizabeth, and its many nicknames, I’ve never had a post devoted to the name in its entirety. This post will also only focus on derivatives of the standard form Elizabeth, not related names Isabel and Lillian (unless those are a language’s only forms of Elizabeth). Despite their origins, they’ve for all intents and purposes developed into their own independent names.
Queen Elizabeth I of England in the 1560s, artist unknown
The English name Elizabeth comes from the Hebrew Elisheva, “my God is an oath.” Its historic popularity stems in large part from the fact that this was the name of John the Baptist’s mother. Traditionally, it was much more common in Eastern Europe (in its variety of forms) until another famous bearer (pictured above) appeared in the 16th century and made the name popular in Western Europe too.
Since the U.S. began keeping data on names in 1880, the name has never fallen below #26 (in 1948). It was in the Top 10 from 1880–1923, in 1925, from 1980–2001, in 2003 and 2004, in 2007 and 2008, and in 2012 and 2013. In 2018, it was #13.
The name enjoys more modest popularity in Scotland (#75), New Zealand (#81), Ireland (#60), and England and Wales (#44). The alternate spelling Elisabeth, used in German, English, Dutch, and the Scandinavian languages, was only #788 in the U.S. in 2018, and has never charted higher than #302 in 1984.
Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine, later Grand Duchess Yelizaveta Fyodorovna of Russia, now Saint Elizabeth the New Martyr (1864–1918)
Other forms include:
1. Elisabet is Scandinavian, Catalan, Finnish, and sometimes Spanish. The alternate form Elísabet is Icelandic.
2. Élisabeth is French.
3. Elisabete is modern Portuguese.
4. Elizabeta is Slovenian and Croatian.
5. Elikapeka is Hawaiian.
6. Elixabete is Basque.
7. Elisabeta is Romanian.
8. Elisabetta is Italian.
9. Elisavet is modern Greek.
10. Eliisabet is Estonian.
Princess Elisabeta of Romania, later Queen of Greece (1894–1956)
11. Elisabed is Georgian.
12. Erzsébet is Hungarian.
13. Elizabete is Latvian.
14. Eilís is Irish.
15. Elżbieta is Polish. The alternate form Elžbieta is Lithuanian.
16. Ealisaid is Manx.
17. Ealasaid is Scottish.
18. Elisaveta is Bulgarian and Macedonian.
19. Yelizaveta is Russian.
20. Yelyzaveta is Ukrainian.
Georgian actor Elisabed Cherkezishvili (1864–1948)
21. Alžbeta is Slovak. The alternate form Alžběta is Czech.
22. Jelisaveta is Serbian.
23. Bethan is Welsh.
24. Lizaveta is Russian.
25. Zabel is Armenian.
26. Sabela is Galician.
27. Elspeth, or Elspet, is Scottish.
28. Eisabèu is Provençal.
29. Élîzabé is Jèrriais.
30. Elizabeto is Esperanto.
Polish poet Elżbieta Drużbacka (1695/98–1765)
31. Elisabette is a rare French and English form.
32. Elisapeci, or Ilisapeci, is Fijian.
33. Elisapie is Inuit.
34. Elizabet is Belarusian and Bulgarian.
35. Eliżabetta is Maltese.
36. Elizete is a rare Brazilian–Portuguese form.
37. Elzabé is Namibian.
38. Elžbjeta is Sorbian.
39. Erihapeti, or Irihapeti, is Maori.
40. Il-shvai is Amharic.